The Via Latina is one of the oldest roads in Italy. Already existing in protohistoric and archaic ages, the path that characterizes the Liri valley was settled around the IV-III century. BC, during the Roman colonization of southern Lazio. Leaving Rome at Porta Capena together with the Queen of Roads (the Appian Way), the Via Latina came in Capua through several major centers. Aquinum was one of these.
In the urban structure of Aquinum the Via Latina plays a key role, being the decumanus maximus of the city, along which were the main monuments.